RAMAYANA LEGEND (11N/12D)

The great Hindu epic Ramayana, tells of the conquest of Sri Lanka in 3000 BC by the Hindu god "Rama" who fought with the demon king "Ravana" in Sri Lanka.

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Tour Itinerary

DAY – 01 [AIRPORT /NEGOMBO – APPROX 20 MINUTES DRIVE]
 

Arrival to Sri Lanka You will be met by BOC Travel Representative on Arrival at the Airport and procced to Negombo.

Overnight stay at – Negombo

   
DAY – 02 [NEGOMBO /CHILAW /DAMBULLA – APPROX 05 HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast leave for Muneeshwaram Temple – Chilaw  

Munneswaram Temple – It is believed that Munneswaram predates the Ramayana and a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva was located here. Munneswaram means the first temple for Shiva (Munnu + Easwaran). A Shiva Lingam was already here when Lord Rama visited this place. Lord Rama after his victorious battle left for Ayodhya with Sita in one of King Ravana’s Vimanas. He felt he was being followed by a Bramhaasthi Dosham (a malevolent black shadow) as he had killed King Ravana who was a Brahmin.

Thereafter proceed to Mannavari Temple [APPROX 20 MINUTES DRIVE]

Manavari Temple – When the Vimana was passing over Munneswaram, he felt the Vimana vibrating, and realized the Brahmaasti Dosham was not following him at this particular point. He stopped the Vimana at this juncture and asked god Lord Shiva for advice. Lord Shiva blessed Lord Rama and advised installing and praying at four lingams located at Manavari, Thiru Koneshwaram, Thiru Ketheshwaram and Rameshwaram in India as the only remedy to get rid of the dosham. The first lingam was installed at Manavari about 5km from here, near the banks of the Deduru Oya
 

Afterward proceed to Dambulla, Via Wariyapola in Kurunegala Passing Dolukanda. [APPROX 02 ½ HOURS DRIVE]

Dolukanda – At different points of time during the war both Lord Rama and Lakshmana were hit by powerful arrows, fell unconscious and to bring them back to life Lord Hanuman was instructed to fetch the lifesaving herbs from Himalaya. Hanuman went to the hill, lifted the whole hill and brought it, as he was not able to identify the lifesaving herbs alone. Parts from the hill fell on five places in Sri Lanka, namely, Rumasala in Galle, Dolu Kanda in Hiripitiya, Ritigala on the Habarana Anuradhapura road and Thalladi in Mannar and Kachchativu in the north

Overnight stay at – Dambulla

   
DAY – 03 [DAMBULLA /SIGIRIYA /DAMBULLA – APPROX 45 MINUTES DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast climb up the Sigiriya Rock,

Sigiriya – Is an ancient rock fortress refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 meters (660 Ft.) high. According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle the Culavamsa, this site was selected by King Kasyapa (477 – 495 CE) for his new capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colorful frescoes. On a small plateau about halfway up the side of this rock he built a gateway in the form of an enormous lion. The name of this place is derived from this structure “Sīhāgiri”, the Lion Rock. The capital and the royal palace were abandoned after the king's death. It was used as a Buddhist monastery until the 14th century. Sigiriya today is a UNESCO listed World Heritage Site. It is one of the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning. It is the most visited historic site in Sri Lanka.

The Relationship between Lankapura Ramayana and Sigiriya
In the rock garden area of Sigiriya there is a Cobra Hooded Cave. It is a rock-shelter surmounted by a boulder in the form of a cobra hood. It is believed as one of many hideouts of Sita on Lankan soil after captivity by Ravana. An inscription mentioning a Naguliya Lena is said to be a proof for it as Naguliya is identified with Sita as allegedly both names can have the same meaning "born from a furrow", because "Naguliya" could be derived from the words for snakes and for plough. In the Ramayana Trail legend, even the ancient rock fortress Sigiriya itself is sometimes claimed to have been a palace of Ravana.

Next, Witness Dambulla cave Temple (In Decent Attire)

Dambulla Cave Temple also known as a Golden Temple of Dambulla and it is a World Heritage Site (1991) in Sri Lanka, situated in the central part of the country. It is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains. There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding area. Major attractions are spread over five caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are related to Gautama Buddha and his life. There are a total of 153 Buddha statues, three statues of Sri Lankan kings and four statues of Gods and Goddesses. The latter include Vishnu and the Ganesha. The murals cover an area of 2,100 square meters (23,000 sq. Ft.). Depictions on the walls of the caves include the temptation by the demon Mara and Buddha's first sermon.

Overnight stay at – Dambulla

   
DAY – 04 [DAMBULLA /TRINCOMALEE – APPROX 01 ½ HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast leave for Trincomalee. Next, visit Thiru Koneswaram, Shankari Devi Shakthi Pitham.

Thiru Koneswaram – is a wonderful temple located on a rock promontory in Trincomalee. It was built by Rishi Agastya on the instructions of Lord Shiva who was impressed by the devotion of King Ravana. This place is unique in this respect because the Lord built a temple for his devotee as a reward for his devotion. Lord Rama is believed to have offered his prayers here too, in order to get rid of the malediction of killing Ravana who was a Brahmin, meaning BrahmahasthiDosham. The famous temple built here during the glorious era of the Tamil Pallava and Chola and Pandya empires, was destroyed by bigoted Portuguese Christians between 1622 and 1624.

Shankari Devi Shakthi Pitham – Adjacent to Trincomalee's famous Koneswaram temple there is another shrine; it is small in size but of some significance for Hindu pilgrims. This Shankari Devi temple was reconstructed in a new place. The original Shankari Devi temple said to be built by Ravana, was the first in the list of AshtaDasha (18) Shakti Pitas written down by Adi Shankara. But its whole cliff was destroyed by Portuguese cannon balls. Only a pillar for commemoration is placed on that spot now. And it is believed that the original idol of the Goddess has been preserved and replaced, being venerated now in this nearby new Shankari Devi temple

Overnight stay at – Trincomalee

   
dfg DAY – 05 [TRINCOMALEE /KANDY – APPROX 04 HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast proceed to Kandy. Check in at Hotel for the refreshment.

Evening view a cultural show featuring various Dance Types of Sri Lanka

Proceed to Temple of the sacred Tooth Relic of Lord Buddha and join with the pooja ceremony. (In Decent Attire)

Overnight stay at – Kandy

   
dfg DAY – 06 [KANDY]
 

After Breakfast Leave for Pussellawa, visit Sita Tear Pond and Chariot Route. These hills stand tall in-between King Ravana’s capital city and Ashoka Vatika. The barren land here is believed to be the route in which King Ravana took Sitadevi from his capital city Lankapura to Ashoka Vatika, which was a paradise on earth. Till date no vegetation grows on this passage except grass. King Ravana is believed to have taken this passage on top of these hills to show Sitadevi the beauty of his kingdom. The Sita tear pond is found En route by the chariot route, is believed to have been formed by the tears of Sitadevi and has not dried up since, even during severe droughts when the adjoining rivers dry up. In this area there are many large trees whose bright red blooms add colours to the scenery. These flowers are called Sita flowers.

Overnight stay at – Kandy

   
dfg
DAY – 07 [KANDY /MAHIYANGANA /KANDY – APPROX 02 ½ HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast Day excursion to major Ramayana sites Dunuwila & Laggala, Yahanagala, Weragantota, Sitakotuwa, Gurulupota Lankapura 

Dunuvila & Laggala
Dunuvila (the site where Ravana died) and Laggala (where Ravana prayed to Lord Shankara). The cartels behind the Dunuvila Lake are called Laggala. Laggala is derived from the Sinhala term Ilakka Gala, which when translated into English gives us the meaning “Target Rock”. Laggala served as an entry point to King Ravana’s army and it was from this rock the first Glimpse of Lord Rama’s army was sighted. This hill is geographically the highest part of the northern region and on a clear day Thiru Koneshwaran and Talai Mannar can been seen. King Ravana is believed to have meditated on this rock and prayed at Thiru Koneshwaran to Lord Shiva. It is here that King Ravana was killed by Lord Rama’s Brahmaastharam. The top of Laggala is flat and believed to have been hit by the Brahmaastharam.

Yahangla
Yahangala means bedrock. The Ramayana Trail legend interprets this name in the following way: King Ravana's dead body was kept upon this rock for his fellow countrymen to allow them to pay their last respects to their departed highly respected king. There is another local legend giving an alternative version of the meaning of Yahangala stating that Ravana did not really die but only became unconscious. His body remains hidden in the rock

Weragantota
Weragantota was the capital city of King Ravana and means “a place of flying chariot (aircraft) landing” in Sinhala language. It is believed to be the first place where Sita was brought into Sri Lanka in King Ravana’s Vimana. These jungles are the place where the city of Lankapura once stood. The city had a beautiful palace for Queen Mandodari surrounded by waterfalls, streams and varieties of flora and fauna.

Sita Kotuwa
Sita was kept at Queen Mandodari‘s Palace and later moved first to Sita Kotuwa (translated “Sita’s Fort”) and finally to Ashoka Vatika. The ruins found here are the remnants of later civilizations.

Gurulupotha Lankapura
Here was a flying chariot (aircraft) repair center known as Gurulupotha. In Valmiki’s depiction King Ravana’s Vimana resembled a huge peacock. The Vimana in Sinhala language means Dhandu Monara which is known as “flying peacock”; hence the name Gurulupotha, which means “parts of birds”.

Overnight stay at – Kandy

   
dfg DAY – 08 [KANDY /NUWARA ELIYA – APPROX 02 ½ HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast leave for Nuwara Eliya. En-route visit Ramboda Sri Baktha Hanuman Temple, Water Falls, Tea Factory and Tea Estate.

Sri Bhakta Hanuman Temple – The Sri Lankan branch of the Chinmaya mission, committed to promoting the Ramayana philosophy as well as Ramayana Trail pilgrimages, has built a temple with Hanuman as a presiding deity in Ramboda between Kandy and Nuwara-eliya main road. There is a 5 meters tall granite statue of Rama's devote supporter Hanuman. He is believed to have started his search for Sita in the Baroda hills. Hanuman traditionally was not as popular among Sri Lankan Tamil devotees as he indeed in India, because he devastated parts of the island with his burning tail. But in recent times Hindu missionaries and local Tamil spiritual leaders began building shrines for worshipping Hanuman in Sri Lanka, too. The Tamil word for Ramboda, Rampadai, means "Rama's force", this is why Ramboda is believed to be the area where Rama collected his troops.

 

Next visit Gayathri Pedam – Nuwara Eliya, including Nuwara Eliya City Tour including Gregory Lake, Victoria Park and Hakgala Botanical Garden, Divurumpola Temple, Waterfalls.

Gayathri Pitam – also spelled as Gayaththri Peedam, is within the Nuwara-eliya town, the first and most significant temple built for Gayathri Amman in Sri Lanka. Gayathri being an aspect of Saraswati and the Universal Mother. The temple was founded by the Gayathri Siddhar Swami Murusegu. The Shiva Lingam for this Tamil temple was brought from the Holy River Narmada. Gayathri Pitam is said to be the place from where King Ravana's son Meghanath propitiated Lord Shiva with penance and worship and in turn was granted super natural powers by the mighty god.

Check in at Hotel and rest of the day at leisure

Overnight stay at – Nuwara Eliya

   
dfg DAY – 09 [NUWARA ELIYA /ELLA /KATARAGAMA – APPROX 03 ½ HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast visit most important Ramayana legend sites called Sita Amman Temple & Ashoka vanam, Haggala Botanical Garden, Divurumpola Temple, Ravana caves & Waterfalls.
  
Sita Amman Temple  located halfway between the highland village of Sita-eliya and the Hakgala Botanical Gardens, has become the most venerated of all Ramayana Trail sites in Sri Lanka, because it is believed to be the place where Sita lived most of the time of her captivity on the island of Lanka. After she refused to stay in Ravana's magnificent palace, she was transferred to Ashok Vatika or Ashokavanam where she lived under Ashoka trees. It was here that Ravana's wife Mandodari visited her and that Hanuman met her for the first time, identifying himself with the ring (finger) of Rama. Sita is said to have bathed in the nearby stream. There are remarkable holes in the rocks at the river bank believed to be footprints of Lord Hanuman

Hakgala Botanical Gardens  Was one of the pleasure gardens of King Ravana. This garden was expanded during the British period and has a wide variety of flowers including an excellent collection of orchids. This is the exotic pleasure garden where King Ravana kept the depressed Sita, insisting that she marries him. It was here where the heartwarming meeting took place between her and Hanuman, who brought her Rama’s ring with the news that Rama was looking for her. He offered to carry her back but she refused saying it would be an insult to Rama’s honor if she did so. Part of this majestic garden still exists. It is also said that Hanuman nearly destroyed it in order to prove to Ravana of the forces against him.

Divurumpola Temple  Still revered by thousands, this holy haven was the place where Sita performed her Agni Pariksha (proving her chastity) to her husband Rama. Continuing the practice for thousands of years, villagers still pledge their fidelity or take oaths there and even in certain courts, this agreement was binding. This place has been respected and worshipped by people down the ages.

Ravana waterfalls & caves  Ella is a small mountain village near Bandarawela and boasts three locations linked to the Ramayana where local legend claims Ravana was hiding Sita. First there is the Ravana Ella Cave, located at the massive Ella Falls; a breathtaking 1080 feet high waterfall that cascades into several falls. The rocky undergoes of the waterfall is Khondalite, a kind of limestone which undergoes faster decay as hard gneiss or granite. This has resulted in many caves being formed near the falls. King Ravana is said to have lived in one of the caves above the waterfall. A nearby pool bored out of the rock by the gushing waters is where Sita is said to have bathed Ravana.

 

Istreepura caves – The Sinhalese word Ishtripura or Shtripura means "area of women". It is said that Ravana shifted Sita to this cave as a precautionary measure after Lord Hanuman's advent on Lanka. Legend has it that Sitadevi took a bath in the nearby steam and afterwards dried her hair sitting on a rock and put clips to her hair, hence this rock is known as Konda Kattu Gala, Konda means hair, and Kattu are clips.

There after proceed to Kataragama. Evening attend the ‘Pooja ceremony at Sri Subramaniam Temple, (Kataragama or Murugan).

Overnight stay at – Kataragama

   
dfg DAY – 10 [KATARAGAMA /COLOMBO – APPROX 03 ½ HOURS DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast proceed to Colombo En route visit Ussangoda, Rumassala sanjeewanee drops, 

Ussangoda  is a strange coastal area because of its lack of trees. Its serpentine rock contains toxic heavy metals. Only specific smaller plants were able to adapt to this soil. But according to the Ramayana legends there are two more explanation for the baldness of Ussangoda. After meeting Sitadevi Lord Hanuman provoked the mighty King Ravana and his army of Rakshasas. It resulted in Lord Hanuman's tail being set on fire by Rakshasas. Hanuman in turn went on to torch parts of King Ravana's empire with his burning tail. Ussangoda is said to be one of these burnt areas. Besides the Ramyana Trail legend has it that earlier on the Ussangoda plateau was used an airport by King Ravana for his Dandumonara peachock chariot, before Hanuman devastated the landing site

Rumassala – Is a massive hill oddly out of place in the landscape just outside the Galle harbour. Legend details that during the Rama – Rawana war Rama's brother Luxhmana, was injured and Hanuman was sent to Himalayas to fetch medicinal herbs. Hanuman forgot the name of the herb but he brought a chunk of the peak containing many herbs. However the mountain fragment slipped and broke into five pieces of which one fell to Rumassala. It should be noted that the renowned scientist Sir Arthur C. Clerk has a bungalow in the precincts of Rumassala, as it is said to be the place that has the highest specific gravity globally

Overnight stay at – Colombo

   
dfg DAY – 11 [COLOMBO]
 

After Breakfast commence Colombo sightseeing Tour including Kelaniya Vibeeshana Temple.

Kelaniya Vibeeshana Temple  Kelaniya is a Buddhist sanctuary in the first place, because it is believed to be visited by the Buddha himself. Within the temple premises there is a Hindu shrine, too. It is dedicated to Lord Vibhishana who was the younger brother of Ravana but during the legendary war on Lanka he became a supporter of Lord Rama, because he disapproved Ravana's tresspass of Sita's abduction. After Ravana's death Rama appointed Vibhishana as the new king of Lanka. Vibhishana is venerated by Sinhalese Buddhists as a God, they believe him to be one of the main protectors of the island, especially in its western territories.

Finally visit the Panchamuga Anjaneyr Temple – the Only Temple in the world to have a Chariot for Anjaneyer (Hanuman)

Check in at the Hotel. Evening commence Colombo City Tour & Shopping

Overnight stay at – Colombo

   
dfg DAY – 12 [COLOMBO /AIRPORT – APPROX 35 MINUTES DRIVE]
 

After Breakfast your chauffeur guide will comfortably take you back to the International Airport for a safe Return Journey.

 
~~~~ Tour End ~~~~
Contact Info
Ms. Kanishka Ranabahu
Tours Executive - Inbound
Mobile : +94 702 773 703
Tel : +94 112 393 155
Fax : +94 112 393 155
Email : kanishka@boctravels.com
  : inbound@boctravels.com
Skype : kanishka_ranabahu
MSN : kanishka_ranabahu@live.com.sg
Package includes
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Accommodation at the Star Class Hotels with Breakfast
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  • All Transport in an A/C Vehicle with the Service of an professional English Speaking Chauffeur Guide
a All local taxes
package excludes
a Camera & video permits
a Any expenses of a personal nature
a Optional Excursions – (Available to be chosen but not obligatory)
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  • Meals – Lunch & Dinners
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  • Entrance Fees
a Tips
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Visa – Online visa authorization to be obtained

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USD.25.00 per Person Will be charge – (SAARC) Countries
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  • USD.40.00 per Person Will be charge – All Other Countries